summer sun graffiti regeneration,
walls white washed realities,
gives sense of warmth and light.
Brief sun glimpses,
trapped in small world exercise yards,
never escape glare of guards.
So try hiding in the warren of corridors
and mouldering rooms.
So try finding the darkness pierced by light.
Fallen signs of medication and disease.
Treatment of deteriorating conditions.
Traces of nameless and named remained.
tidied and arranged
staged and reworked,
towards artful forgetting
of impositions from above.
Were their ever moments of humour and love?
We linger on,
traces of presences.
We shudder at,
spaces of absence.
We are poised,
threatened by the realities of
Patarei was one of the most disorienting and disturbing heritage sites I had visited. Patarei operated as a prison till 2002 and is described ‘as the most notorious prison in Estonia.’ It was recently shortlist nominated as one of the most threatened heritage sites in Europe and as such I thought this post may be of interest in the context of the Europa Nostra nomination by The Estonian Heritage Society. The images were taken in August 2011, and I am not sure what state it is currently in, but yet to this day, when I think of the visit to Patarei, it still makes me shudder. It was not always clear what had been left by prisoners, and to what extent it represented their experiences, or where later interventions of art or looting had modified the rooms and corridors.
I remember being struck by learning that Patarei (in 2011) catered for stag and hen parties (providing drink, food and drink) : with the unwitting bride or groom having to spend some time in a cell during the evening. A form of entertainment which I was uncomfortable with : yet it was an attempt to ‘generate revenue’, to find a reuse for a heritage site. Like many heritage sites it faces the challenges of finding new uses but in the current economic climate probably will not find sufficient core funding to keep running without some other revenues. Finding reuse is perhaps even more challenging with a site which could be described as relating to ‘dark-heritage’. Difficult and painful places, which we must remember, and through which have to reconcile tensions from the past.
There is a deeper story to Patarei, having been built as a military fortress at the instruction of Russian Czar Nicholas I from 1829 to 1840. The fortress was then converted into a prison, between 1920 and 2005, and became a powerful symbol of national resistance in Estonia to both the communist and Nazi regimes.
Information on Patarei which strikingly sums up the aspirations for historical transformation and regeneration as:
‘This unique example of finest military engineering and architecture of early 19th century has finally, in the 21st century, changed from a longtime symbol of repressions and evil to a favourite hangout for the residents of the nation’s capital and visitors alike, a multifunctional place to spend one’s leisure time and have fun.’
A real challenge in these times perhaps, but I hope the site is not lost through further decay and neglect. Patarei is a remarkable part of the heritage of Estonia, and importantly it contributes to, and resonates in many ways with, the broader history of Europe which we all share.
More about the Patarei Sea Fortress Europa Nostra shortlisting